In The News

Podcast: Improving CAHPS Scores

Episode 118: Jon R sits down with NHPCO's Jennifer Kennedy and special guest Natalie McNeal, Executive Director of WellStar Community Hospice in Georgia. Jennifer provides an update on the latest news from CMS related to the CAHPS survey, and Natalie shares how her hospice adapted their practices in a COVID world to maintain their scores. Hear some practical tips of how your hospice can address low scoring topics in innovative ways. Listen now.

 

Hospice Action Network - Expanding Access to Palliative Care Act (S.2565)

Palliative care is patient and family-centered support that optimizes quality of life by anticipating, preventing, and treating suffering. Palliative care throughout the continuum of illness involves addressing physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and spiritual needs and to facilitate patient autonomy, access to information and choice. 

Right now, Medicare beneficiaries are in need, because they cannot access home-based palliative care. This means that patients and families miss out on the wealth of resources and support that palliative care providers can offer.  

To address these needs, the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization and the Hospice Action Network have been leading efforts to expand access to palliative care across the country.  

We support the Expanding Access to Palliative Care Act (S. 2565), which would direct the Innovation Center at the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) to implement a Community-Based Palliative Care Demonstration.  

Access to palliative care where a patient calls home will improve patients' quality of life, allowing patients and families to spend more time together, and less time in doctors' offices and emergency rooms. It will also protect medically vulnerable people from unnecessary exposure to COVID-19 and other illnesses.  

Click Here to call on your Senators to support the Expanding Access to palliative Care Act!

 

Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine Generates Long-Lasting Immune Memory

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

The Moderna and Pfizer mRNA vaccines against COVID-19 have shown greater than 90% effectiveness soon after the second dose. Studies suggest that protective immunity remains high, with only slight decreases, over six months. However, scientists are still working to understand how immunity against the virus develops after vaccination and changes over time.

Researchers believe that strong responses from both neutralizing antibodies and immune cells called T cells are necessary for immunity. Memory T cells linger in the body to recognize and protect against previously encountered pathogens. Recent studies indicate these may be crucial for lasting protection against COVID-19. 

A research team led by Drs. Daniela Weiskopf, Shane Crotty, and Alessandro Sette of the La Jolla Institute for Immunology looked at immune memory six months after vaccination. They were also interested in how immune memory from previous exposure to coronaviruses, which can cause common colds, might affect the vaccine-induced immune response.

The work was primarily funded by NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). Results appeared in Science on September 14, 2021.

The study examined 35 participants enrolled in a phase 1 clinical trial of the Moderna vaccine. They had received two 25-microgram injections—a quarter of the standard dose authorized for emergency use by the FDA.

The team assessed antibody and T cell levels after the first and second doses, and again six months later. They measured two subsets of T cells: CD8+ T cells, or “killer” T cells, which destroy virus-infected cells, and CD4+ T cells, “helper” T cells involved in antibody production.

Levels of antibodies, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells remained strong six months after receiving the vaccine. This was found even among participants over 70 years of age, who are particularly vulnerable to severe COVID-19. Memory CD4+ T cells were still present in nearly everyone six months after full vaccination. Memory CD8+ T cells were detected in 67% of participants six months after full vaccination. Until this study, it was uncertain whether the Moderna vaccine elicited these memory T cells. 

The team also found that the vaccine generated similar immune memory against the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein to that of natural infection. Levels of antibodies, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells six months after vaccination were comparable to those in recovered individuals.

In addition, the researchers found that “cross-reactive” T cells—those made during infection with other coronaviruses that can cause the common cold—enhanced the vaccine response. People with cross-reactive T cells before vaccination had significantly stronger CD4+ T cell and antibody responses.

Taken together, the study suggests that immune memory resulting from the Moderna vaccine, even at low doses, is long-lasting.

“The immune memory was stable, and that was impressive,” Crotty says. “That’s a good indicator of the durability of mRNA vaccines.”

—by Erin Bryant

 

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

National Center for Complimentary and Integrative Health (NIH)

As the days grow shorter in the fall, some people develop symptoms of seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a type of depression with a recurring seasonal pattern. 

Several types of treatment can be helpful for SAD symptoms. They include antidepressant medications, cognitive behavioral therapy, and light therapy—which involves daily exposure to bright artificial light every morning, from early fall until spring.

The evidence on dietary supplements for SAD is limited. Although low levels of vitamin D have been found in people with SAD, it’s unclear whether vitamin D supplementation can help relieve SAD symptoms. Very little research has been done on supplements other than vitamin D, so no conclusions can be reached about their effects.

Read Full Article

 

 

Landmark Choose Home Bill Introduced in the House

Home Health Care News / By Robert Holly

The Choose Home Care Act of 2021 was introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives early Friday morning.

The legislation was previously introduced in the Senate at the end of July.

If enacted, the landmark Choose Home legislation would create an add-on payment to the traditional Medicare Home Health Benefit, allowing providers to mix in telehealth, transportation, personal care and other services. The goal of the concept is to give nursing home-eligible Medicare beneficiaries more options as to how and where they recover following a trip to the hospital.

The House version of Choose Home was sponsored by U.S. Reps. Henry Cuellar (D-Texas) and James Comer (R-Ky.).

Since being introduced in the Senate, Choose Home has received “an outpouring of support from America’s home health community as well as consumer and patient advocates,” National Association for Home Care & Hospice (NAHC) President William A. Dombi said in a statement released shortly after the bill’s introduction.

“[We believe that] demonstrates how important it is to increase access to safe, cost-effective care at home for Medicare beneficiaries after hospitalization,” Dombi continued. “We commend Reps. Cuellar and Comer for their leadership on issues impacting the delivery of home care and are excited to see this bill introduced in the U.S. House.”

So far, the House version of Choose Home is also co-sponsored by Reps. Sanford Bishop, Jr. (D-Ga.), Brendan Boyle (D-Pa.), Buddy Carter (R-Ga.), Dwight Evans (D-Pa.) and Vicente Gonzalez (D-Texas). Lawmakers Brian Higgins (D-N.Y.), Clay Higgins (R-La.), Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-D.C.), Mike Johnson (R-La.), Tom O’Halleran (D-Ariz.), Tom Suozzi (D-N.Y.) and Paul Tonko (D-N.Y.) also have backed the legislation.

U.S. Sens. Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) and Todd Young (R-Ind.) are the lead sponsors of the Senate version, which also has drawn plenty of co-sponsors and bipartisan support.

In addition to NAHC, Choose Home is supported by AARP, LeadingAge, Allies for Independence, the National Council on Aging, Moving Health Home, the Council of State Home Care & Hospice Associations and the Forum of State Associations.

The Partnership for Quality Home Healthcare (PQHH) is likewise a major advocate for Choose Home.

“We applaud Reps. Cuellar and Comer, and all the original co-sponsors, for recognizing the value of home health and the importance of advancing legislation to increase seniors’ care options after hospitalization,” PQHH Executive Director Joanne Cunningham said in a statement. “With their support, we are hopeful we will see the Choose Home Care Act enacted this year in order to help us better protect our nation’s vulnerable aging and sick populations while also modernizing the Medicare Home Health Benefit.”

[Now is the time to ask our Legilsators to support the 'Choose Home Care Act of 2021'!  The SNF industry estimates that they could lose as many as 1/3 of their patients as people transition home earlier, and are fighting tooth and nail in opposition to the legislation. Our voices combined with those we serve  - who studies show are overwhelmingly in support of the legislation - must be louder than the opposition if the bill is to pass. Click Here to Contact your Legislators Today through the NAHC Advocacy Center! ] 

 
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